What are the risks if you don’t use sunscreen or a natural sunscreen?
In 2021 over 106k Americans will be diagnosed with melanoma, a common malignancy. It is estimated 7,180 will die from it even though the rate of survival for an average person of 5 years is 93%. The survival rate is almost 99% survival if detected early. The rate of diagnosis is highest in California around 11,500, Florida is at 9,700, Ohio is at 4,610 and Texas is at 4,600. Prevention is key!
In the past 40 years, melanoma diagnosis has increased 8 fold in and 4 fold in men. Even non-melanoma skin cancers have risen affecting over 3 million people. Basal cell carcinoma is more common than ALL other human cancers combined but melanoma is the most deadly. We all put sunscreen on at the beach but often forget the 80% of ultraviolet light passes through moderate cloud cover.
Melanoma occurs when damaged DNA in skin cells that have mutated, rapidly multiplying to form a malignant tumor. It can be formed in the ears eye, mouth, nose, and on any skin surface. Getting checked by a trained dermatologist who can see the scalp and inspect closely. Although melanoma is approximately 4% of all cancers, when it metastasizes, it is responsible for the greatest number of skin cancer deaths.
We have specialized immune cells in our skin to protect us from pathogens and the formation of cancers that are destroyed by UV rays. Accelerated aging is due to the breakdown of elastin and collagen eroded by the UV rays as well. Protecting our skin is important but doing so safely is necessary.
How can you choose sunscreen protection or SPF level?
This can be tricky! As we know UV damage can cause skin cancers but so can the chemicals that can be found in commercial sunscreens. Many of them are listed on the Environmental Working Group.
SPF means the product blocks the UVB rays that can burn your epidermis skin layer, however, it doesn’t block UVA radiation which makes up 95% of the ultraviolet radiation. This UVA goes deeply into the skin where cancer begins and causes aging in the appearance of your skin.
A product with an SPF of 45 is only 4.5% stronger than SPF 15, not 3X as much protection. A sunscreen of SPF 100 will provide only 1% more protection than one with an SPF of 50.
According to a product review in 2016, ¾ of sunscreens has “worrisome ingredients”. Some 70% contained oxybenzone, which when exposed to sunlight will generate Reactive Oxygen Species or ROS which leaves free radicals around for cancers to grow upon.
Why do we need Vitamin D from natural sunshine?
Many diseases have a decreased risk when you are at ideal levels of Vitamin D including stroke, diabetes, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, a higher risk for heart attacks, and links to cardiovascular disease. There is even clinical evidence showing UV radiation that naturally comes to us from the sun can obliterate the novel Coronavirus.
What is the difference between UV rays?
UVA rays come to us in wavelengths ranging from 315-400 nanometers. Studies show that UVA penetrates our skin at a much deeper level than the UVB. It makes up 95% of the UV energy that reaches us versus the 5% from UVB.
UVB rays travel in wavelengths of 280-315 nanometers. These are the ones we need to avoid from 2-4pm as they are at their strongest. UVB is responsible for causing sunburn to our superficial layer of skin.
UVC wavelengths travel from 100-280 nanometers. They don’t affect our skin as they are absorbed by the ozone layer.
What toxins are in over the counter sunscreen?
Although we want to block the damaging rays, we need to be conscious of the enormous amount of chemicals within commercial sunscreen.
Some of the most harmful include:
- Oxybenzone is the worst of them all. It can be responsible for skin allergies, eye irritation, affecting estrogen production in women, testosterone in men, metabolism, reproduction, sexual function, thyroid dysfunction, and even coral reefs. It is found in plastics and toys with no place to belong on our skin as it is linked to causing cancer.
- Octabenzone or Benzophenone or Sulisobenzone cause cancer and are endocrine disruptors. It is toxic to your organ system and can be found in lip balm and nail polish as well. They dramatically slow your metabolic activation.
- Fragrance can be listed generically or specifically in any form of Paraben, Triethanolamine (TEA), and Retinyl Palmitate (synthetic Vitamin A).
- Octinoxate can cause skin reactions, inflammation, acne, change uterus size, lower sperm counts, and is an endocrine disruptor.
- Homosalate can disrupt hormone production and will accumulate in the body. It absorbs the short-wave UVB linked to DNA damage as well as increases skin cancer risk.
- Methyl Anthranilate may irritate your skin, alter reproduction, is a neurotoxin, categorized as a mutagen, and toxic to aquatic life forms.
- Phenylbenzimidazole or Ensulizole produces the Reactive Oxygen Species mentioned that trigger mutations, cell death, disrupt cellular communication, and may be linked to cardiovascular disease.
- Padimate O may trigger skin rashes or irritations, acne, and inflammation of the hair follicle. It has been found to have contamination concerns, change cellular levels as well as an endocrine disruptor.
- Octyl Salicylate can cause allergies and have some immune toxicity.
- Cinoxate can but rarely cause severe allergic reactions, itchy/swollen tongue, trouble breathing, and dizziness.
- Para Amino Benzoic Acid / Padimate O/PABA can cause vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and stain clothing.
- Methoxycinnamate is considered to only be 70% safe as it is linked to immunotoxicity, biochemical mutations, cell death, or apoptosis when exposed to sunlight and allergies.
What else should I avoid in sunscreen?
Nanoparticles can generate free radicals when they are very easily absorbed into the skin, swallowed in lip sunscreen damaging the gastrointestinal tract or inhaled into the lungs. Powders with SPF or sprays are among the highest to avoid.
The synthetic form of Vitamin A is called retinyl palmitate, retinol, retinyl linoleate, or retinoic acid. It can accelerate skin growth and when exposed to sunlight can form free radicals that cause gene mutations along with damaging DNA. It has been found to speed the development of cancerous tumors on UV-treated animals. It may also be toxic to growing fetuses.
The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has found blood levels well above safe amounts of these toxins yet we are advised to slather on more of it and more frequently! Even breast milk can carry these toxic chemicals into infants. Many of them as you can see disrupt thyroid and reproductive hormones such as estrogen, testosterone, androgen, and progesterone. In adults, they can also increase the incidence of breast cancer.
In addition to being harmful to humans, multiple studies have linked sunscreens to destroying delicate ocean ecosystems and massive coral reefs. Hawaii is now banning the usage and imports of many sunscreens to protect its coastal waters.
How can I protect myself from skin cancer naturally?
For decades we have been told to slather on sunscreen to block harmful UV rays but the EWG – Environmental Work Group, has found 75% of sunscreens contain harmful chemicals. When exposed to the sun, the compounds in our body produce ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species). This ROS causes irreversible damage to our DNA and cells resulting in oxidative stress which can be measured on your Hair Analysis Results.
Chemical sunscreens deactivate our antioxidant systems and increase free radicals that can damage cells leaving them open to disease or illness.
Some of the ways you can protect yourself are:
- Use natural sunscreens without the chemicals found in commercial sunscreens.
- Wear light layers of clothes if possible to block rays.
- Wear a wide-brimmed hat when out for long periods to shade your face and ears.
- Wear UV-blocking sunglasses when out in the sun for over 30 minutes. We do absorb the sun through our eyes to convert to Vitamin D as well so some exposure is good.
- Eat an antioxidant-rich diet.
- Take a product that works to eliminate oxidative stress or ROS such as Protandim.
- Read your medication warnings carefully as they can have interaction with sunlight. Products such as tetracycline, chlorpromazine, and sulfa drugs.
Newer formulas have been developed to block the full spectrum with plant extracts and reversing solar-induced skin damage caused by ultraviolet radiation. Solar rays also induce skin damage including wrinkles with a loss of elasticity, dryness, mottled pigmentation, spider veins, a leather-like appearance to the skin, and precancerous lesions.
What nutrients or minerals can help to protect against sun damage to my skin?
–Selenium is a trace mineral that has been shown to help in protecting your skin against UV radiation, oxidative damage to the skin to protect you up to 80% against breast and prostate cancer. This is another reason why I look at selenium levels to get as close to ideal as possible on my client’s Hair Analysis results. Implementing supplements with 400mcg daily is perfect and can also be easily attained by eating 1 ounce of Brazilian nuts daily.
–Licorice root is an anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and anti-ulcer supplement. It can help in blocking the growth of melanoma cancer cells. This tasty root can be protective and help to negate inflammation in the skin and in detoxifying the liver. Aveda makes a great tasting Comfort Tea but be sure to introduce it slowly so it doesn’t cause too much fatigue while detoxifying the liver.
–Milk Thistle or Silymarin is an immune-enhancing, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant. When used as a topical agent, it can block DNA damage. We have a P53 gene that can protect us which is enhanced by the Milk Thistle. It also repairs damaged DNA caused by UVB radiation.
–Oat Beta-glucans can permeate deeply into the layers of the skin to promote cellular repair and encourage collagen synthesis to such a degree it has been shown to restructure our tissue. In time, it can reverse wrinkling significantly.
–Green Tea Extract contains a polyphenol (EGCC) that when applied topically has been proven to prevent skin cancer on lab animals. It negates UV radiation damage, helps to maintain immunity, and repairs DNA. EGCC prevents photoaging when taken orally as well as boosting weight loss but best topically for skin protection.
–Plants such as Rosemary which produces ursolic acid stops ROS in your skin cells and prevents UVA ray damage. In a study done on Rosemary Extract, it was shown to block cancerous melanoma cells with the ursolic aid along with inhibiting tumor growth by 99% when applied topically.
What are some brands that are non-toxic and natural sunscreens for the whole family?
- Thinksport Kids Body & Face sunscreen stick, SPF 30+
- UV Natural Baby Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 30+
- Adorable Baby Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 30+
- 365 Everyday Value Mineral Sunscreen Sport Lotion, SPF 30+
- SunBioLogic Raw Coconut Sunscreen Face & Body Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 30+
- Shade Factor SPF 30+
- Kiss My Face Organics
- Butterbean Organic
- Raw Love
- Natural Tone
- Tropic Sport
- Adorable Baby
- Liquid Aloha, Wholesome Home
- Raw Elements (for sports)
- Think Baby
- Kabana Tinted (for ladies faces)
- Dr. Mercola Healthy Skin Sunscreen SPF 30
Ideally you want to look for a product that is FDA approved, contains NO Vitamin A, goes on easily, contains anti-oxidants, has 80 minutes of water resistance, has Zinc oxide only, contains NO phenoxyethanol, and is NON-nanoparticles.
If you are feeling adventurous you can make your own sunscreen as follows:
- 1 Tablespoon of a carrier oil such as Coconut Oil
- ¼ Cup Aloe Vera Gel
- 10 drops of Essential Oil
- 3-4 Drops of Carrot Seed Essential Oil
*Shake before each use and store in the refrigerator.
Which antioxidant ingredients do you want in your sunscreen to stop it from going rancid?
- Wild Pansy
- Vitamin E/tocopheryl acetate
- Carrot Seed Oil
- Sea Buckthorn Oil
- Green Tea
- Coconut Oil
- Cocoa butter
- Avocado Oil
- Red Raspberry Seed Oil
- Olive, Jojoba, or Sunflower Oil
- Cranberry Seed Oil
- Green Coffee
Other acceptable ingredients would include non-nano particle Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide if in a lotion form.
One of the things I am looking for is oxidative stress on a Hair Mineral Analysis test. We want to measure inflammation. It can trigger pro-inflammatory cytokines which are proteins released by cells that can interrupt the communication between your cells. In time, these cytokines can lead to pain. When we rebuild the nutritional stores and detoxify the chemicals or heavy metals, our body is able to heal and return to the best quality of health.
If you are ready to see where you need to correct your chemistry Click HERE to chat.
 http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/the-facts-about-melanoma February 22, 2017
 http://www.ewg.org/sunscreen/report/whats-wrong-with-high-spf/ February 15, 2017
 J Invest Dermatol 1996:106(3):583-6
 NTP 2011, 2012 and EWG
 Cancer Res. 1994;54(3);701-8
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